Pomchi Mix Breed Facts, Temperament & Training
About the Pomchi
The Pomchi is not a breed of dog, rather it is a mixed breed dog (a designer dog), the cross between a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua. They are small dogs and can either lean towards being more Pomeranian like or more Chihuahua like.
The Pomchi will often have long hair, although not quite as fluffy as a Pomeranian, it will shed and should be brushed daily. In size these dogs will average 4 - 10 pounds, and stand 6 - 9 inches tall. Any pups marketed as "teacups" should be avoided as these are poorly bred dogs, stunted by poor nutrition, genetics, or both.
The temperament of a Pomchi can be more Pomeranian like (protective and loyal), or Chihuahua like (outgoing but stubborn). The temperament is also controlled by the level of socialization the dog gets while it is young. Many owners of small dogs fail to socialize them correctly resulting in a nervous dog, prone to being afraid of strangers.
As with most designer dog breeds, the Pomchi is likely to have genetic problems, such as with its teeth, or legs, due to the fact that the breeders are not reputable - they have not taken the parent dogs to shows to prove their worth as breeding animals or had them tested for genetic health problems. On the other hand mixed breed dogs can have hybrid vigor because of a mixed gene pool. Anyone buying such a dog should check it out well for conformation, and be aware they are typically over priced in relationship to their quality (due to the fact the breeders have not invested money in proving the dogs worth as breeding stock).
Pomchi pups should not be weaned until 8 weeks of age in fact with smaller breeds 10 weeks is even better. Provided they are fully vaccinated a Pomeranian Chihuahua puppy can begin puppy socialization and training at 12 weeks of age. Until they are fully vaccinated Pomchi puppies should not leave their home or yard. This is to keep the puppy safe from highly contagious diseases such as Parvo Virus.
The Pomchi puppy's first lesson, which should occur prior to taking it for socialization or further training, is to get it to accept wearing a collar. This is best done when the pup is young. The collar should be checked regularly to be sure it has not become too tight as the puppy grows. The puppy may fuss at first but usually will ignore the collar after a day or two.
Many owners of small dogs stop there (other than house training) and create what is known as “small dog syndrome”. Small dogs often have obedience and socialization training over looked. Their owners feel they do not need any further training – thus the dogs become terrors, afraid of strangers and often think they are the Alpha leaders of their family – demanding to be carried – too afraid of the world to walk on their own.
Training a puppy to walk may be done at home – in the house, then later in the yard (again it should not be walked anywhere else until fully vaccinated). Most small dogs, such as the Pomchi, do not like pressure on their necks, as such a body harness works well for training these smaller dogs. The harness should be taken off when the dog is not being walked.
To train an Pomchi puppy to walk on a leash soft treats are needed, these should be cut very small so the puppy does not get fat. Use the puppy's name and offer a treat while gently tugging the leash (but not so hard you actually pull the pup to you). As soon as the puppy steps towards you, release your tug so the puppy understands that when it does the right thing pressure is released. As your Pomchi puppy approaches you reward it with a soft treat and praise. In the first days failure should not be an option, the puppy should start only a few feet away. The training session should be kept short, ending on a positive, so that the puppy does not become stressed.
Next Steps in Training a Pomchi Mixed Breed Puppy or Dog
After learning to walk on a leash the Pomchi puppy can be trained to sit, down, come, and so forth. Socialization is also a very important step in training, one often overlooked in small dogs. Owners may select to take their pup, or adult dog, to proper obedience classes, or continue at home. It is worth noting that formal classes allow for more socialization than most owners can give on their own and help the dog learn to be obedient amid distractions. Obedience and socialization classes also offer a guide to correct owner errors. Clicker training, or other positive training methods, should be used.
Sit and Down
To train a Pomchi dog to sit, it should be standing up, and facing its owner. As these are small dogs the owner might want to start by themselves sitting in front of the dog, so they do not have to bend, then graduate to standing. The owner will need to be prepared with a bag of small soft treats in their pocket. Right handed people should hold the dog's leash in their left hand and use their right hand for giving rewards. The dog is shown the treat in the owners hands. The dog is told to sit, while the owner moves their hand over the dogs head, from nose to forehead, low enough so that the dog can smell the treat. Since the dog cannot reach the treat without jumping up (which should be corrected immediately, and never tolerated) it is forced to put its rear end into a sitting position, at which time the dog is rewarded and praised. The handler should never pull up on the dogs neck, nor push on the dogs rump – this is an outdated training method.
To get the dog into a down position the treat is held in a down turned hand, again after the dog is made aware that the owner has treats. The hand is lowered to the floor in front of the dog while the dog is given the “down” command. As soon as the dogs front and rear hit the floor the dog is rewarded with the treat and given enthusiastic praise.
Note: “Down” should be used only to mean lay down, not to get off furniture, or to stop jumping up on somebody. Be aware that saying “Sit Down” sends two different messages to the dog.
Socialization is how a dog learns to interact with other dogs, and people. This is best done at a proper obedience school where the dogs can be watched by several knowledgeable dog people. Most dog clubs offer “Puppy Socialization” but even adult dogs can be taken to such classes. Otherwise socialization may be accomplished by taking the dog to areas where several dogs are, such as the dog park. The dog must be allowed to interact with other dogs and learn from them what is acceptable and what is not.
Owners with small dogs, such as a Pomchi, often panic when their dog is around larger dogs. By going to proper classes supervisors will make sure the dogs are all safe, however by failing to expose a small dog to larger dogs the smaller dog often does not learn how to interact with big dogs and this can put it at risk.
To socialize a dog to new situations its owner must expose it to many different situations in a way that the dog does not think these are scary. Although it seems cute and easy, owners of small dogs, such as a Pomchi, should resist carrying the dog around. The dog should be allowed to walk and see the world naturally.
House training for a Pomchi puppy can start at 10 weeks, but results may not be seen for a few more weeks. House training is best done by crate training, confining a puppy to a crate at night and when it cannot be watched (never more than 8 hours at a time, and never more than 16 hours a day). The idea of crate training is that the puppy does not want to mess in its bed/den. The puppy will not want to be left in the crate at first but if allowed out when it cries, it will learn to cry for attention every time.
Crate training is an other issue and will not be covered fully here, however it is important to note that it requires time, commitment, and consistency. The owner must be prepared to go outside with their Pomeranian Chihuahua every time and reward it for going to the bathroom outside. The biggest mistake people use is rewarding it when it comes indoors, which only teaches the pup that it gets rewarded for coming in, not for doing its business outside.
Many people make the error of using “pee-pee” pads while house breaking their puppy. Unless a puppy is always going to be expected to go to the bathroom indoors (as when using a potty park) the pee pee pads should be done away with as they encourage the pup to urinate and defecate indoors.
The past few years the quality of many of the commercial dog food brands has come in to question. Many dog foods contain corn, which is nothing but filler, questionable meat bi-products, chemicals and preservatives. Multiple dog food scares have left owners uncertain on what brands are safe to feed their beloved pets. More and more people are choosing to feed their dogs something different from commercial food. Many people are feeding their dogs a raw diet and loving it. Those who would like an alternative to commercial food but are not quite comfortable with a raw diet, making your own dog food might be a perfect compromise.
Making your own dog food is quite easy to do and can be done for cheaper than buying a high quality commercial dog food. Homemade food can also be made in large amounts and frozen so you do not need to spend time daily making it. There are many dog food recipes online but it is just as easy to make your own. Be sure the foods you use are safe and that the food consists of 30% starch, 30% vegetable and 40% meat.
For the starch, brown rice, oats or pasta work well.
Vegetables and fruits you can choose from are carrots, squash, pumpkin, cucumber, cauliflower, yams, sweet potatoes, lettuce, beets, peas, parsnips, zucchini, watermelon, other melons, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, apples (no seeds, they are poisonous), cooked beans.
Lean beef, lamb, skinless chicken, venison, buffalo, elk, moose, musk Ox, turkey, rabbit, duck, boneless fish, cooked eggs, small amounts of beef and chicken liver are all excellent meat choices.
Vegetables/fruits that are not safe to use are spinach, beet greens, chard, onions, garlic, leek, tomato, potato, bell peppers, corn on the cob/corn, grapes, raisins, rhubarb, mushrooms, avocadoes, broccoli and raw beans.
Chicken skin and fat trimming are not healthy and raw fish should be avoided. Tuna sadly contains too much mercury to be safe. Large amounts of Liver can cause Vitamin A toxicity so should never be given.
Nutmeg, sugar, chocolate, nuts, milk, yeast dough, seeds and fruit pits, wheat, baby food, coffee/tea, hops, potato, salt, dairy products, apple seeds, apricot/cherry/peach pits and mustard seeds should never be given.
Calcium is also a vital aspect of your dog’s diet and can by simply added by topping their food each night with some unflavoured no fat yogurt. Yogurt can help dogs keep a balanced digestive tract and can help stop gassiness.
A few points to keep in mind:
Fresh or frozen veggies are best; do not use canned veggies as they have additives.
Dogs have shorter digestive tracts than humans have and cannot digest most vegetables whole or in large chunks. Be sure to mash vegetables up well.
Remember to feed no white coloured/bleached foods. When possible try to avoid wheat too, as it tends to make dogs gassy.
All Fish and Pork should be well cooked.
A canine multivitamin can be added to insure he gets everything he needs.
When preparing homemade dog food, it is best to vary the recipes so that your dog gets an array of nutrients.
Talk to your vet before changing to a homemade diet.
All meat should be lean and not covered in fat.
Feeding a homemade diet does take more work than simply buying a bag of kibble. However, knowing you are doing the best you can to keep your dog healthy is well worth the effort.
Some cat owners will have a strange thing happen at some time or another... their cat will pee on their bed. We all know cats are suppose to urinate in their litter box, but what are the reasons that some don't?
Some of the places that cats will select to urinate, other than their litter box, are on a bed, sofa, towels, laundry, or even carpeting. You will note they seldom pee on the floor. Just to clear things up – we are not referring to “Spraying” or marking behavior which is most often seen in male cats and is characterized by them standing with their rear end facing a (usually) vertical surface. They “shoot” their urine, and typically twitch their tail at this time. This article is about cats who empty their bladder on the bed, towels, and such, rather than "marking territory" with small amounts of urine.
There are basically three reasons why cats pee on the bed, towels, or what have you. One is that they have a reason for not using their litter box (there are many reasons for this), an other is because you have made these sources available to them, and finally it is because these things smell like you. Let us look into these factors further.
Reasons for a Cat Not Using the Litter Box
There are a multitude of reasons cats fail to use their litter box to urinate. They could have a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), they could have a behavioral problem, or somehow you failed to keep the litter clean, locatable, and of the right type of litter. Perhaps another cat is not allowing them to use their litter box, or the door was shut to the room where it is.
There are so many reasons, in fact, that if a cat is having this problem, one should try to determine the source, a link is available here to help finding out the cause of a cats refusal to use the litter box.
Peeing on the floor is not fun, it splatters, and cats know this. They sometimes have the same problem when their litter box gets so low that all the litter is piled up on one side of the box. They know that fabric is absorbent, and will not cause urine to splatter on their legs. When a kitten cannot find a litter box it will look to whatever is available.
Smells Like You
Your bed, your towels, your dirty laundry on the floor, these things all smell like you. Of course people will try saying that your cat is marking your stuff as its own, but really we do not know what the cat is thinking when it urinates on your bed or clothing. Many theories exist, including that they use this as a way of stating their anger with you, but this is really just guess work. The fact is your cat does not pee on you (hopefully), just your soft stuff, so perhaps your cat thinks of this in a familiar sort of way.
What Can be Done to Prevent, or End, the Problem of a Cat Peeing on your Stuff
Assuming again that the cat is spayed or neutered, and is not spraying... and assuming the cat is not suffering from any kind of urinary tract infect, diabetes, and so forth, there are some things we can do. First amend the problem as mentioned in the link also mentioned above relating to why it cats fail to use the litter box in the first place.
Keep bedroom doors shut and/or keep clothing picked up or in a hamper (with a lid). Try spending a few minutes every day with the cat, patting it, or giving it treats. Keep the home as stress free as possible (do not allow kids to chase your cats). If you must, shut the cat up in the room where the litter box is located at night (with food and water of course), or when you are away, thus reinforcing it to use the litter box, but only if you have filled it with the correct litter, and it is placed in an appropriate spot to begin with (not next to a laundry machine or furnace).
Be aware that cats do not understand discipline for this problem. Rubbing the cats nose in “it” will not help, and may only add to the stress and confusion the cat is experiencing – thus making the problem worse.
Please read the link on why cats fail to use their litter box as this is the start to the problem of them using your bed, towels, and so forth, as a litter option.
The nose is a vital part of the cat’s ability to perceive his surroundings. His sense of smell is often remarkable as he can smell all sorts of scents. His sense of smell however, may get affected due to several illnesses caused by viruses, pollens and bacteria. Some of these may manifest with symptoms of a runny nose, sneezing and fever. It is important for cat owners to isolate their sick cat from other pets in order to prevent the spread of the disease. Owners are also encouraged to bring their cat to the vet for evaluation.
But can a cat get a runny nose cold from being too cold? How do cats cope with this cold? These are just some of the more common questions that cat owners pose regarding the health of their pet cat when the cat is exposed to cold weather or especially during winter.
During Cold Weather
When the cat is exposed to cold temperatures during cold weather, the nose of the feline becomes dry. This usually results in the drying of the nose’s sensitive membrane which blocks irritants that cause colds. When the sensitive membrane is unable to block off pollens, bacteria and viruses from passing into the respiratory system of the cat, the feline becomes more susceptible to infection that usually results in a runny nose.
The most prominent sign of cat nasal infection is the presence of a thick mucus coming out from the cat’s nose. Other symptoms of cat colds include heavy breathing, lethargy, sneezing, and breathing through its mouth. Runny nose among cats is characterized by a watery discharge from the nose for a few hours, which in such case, the cat should be brought to a veterinarian. The discharge may also turn yellow and this is often associated with a bacterial infection.
When the cat sneezes for several hours and then the sneezing suddenly stops, then it may be because of an irritation in the nose. When the cat grabs its nose and sneezes hard, then something may have been stuck in its nose. If the cat sneezes and has sniffles for a whole day, then it may have a respiratory infection.
It is recommended that cats with colds are brought to a veterinarian given the complex nasal passages of the feline. Veterinarians usually advise cat owners to increase air humidity using a vaporizer particularly in a small space to help in liquifying the nasal discharge. A humidifier can also help stop nasal irritation.
Veterinarians also will prescribe antibiotics to help the feline avoid certain bacterial infections, allowing its body to fight to resist the viral infection that caused the cold. Veterinarians will also look into the symptoms and its eating behavior.
So can a cat get a runny nose cold from being too cold? The answer is yes. It is therefore best to take measures to avoid exposing the cat for prolonged periods in cold weather. Many owners opt to keep their pets indoor during these conditions.