What to Do? My Cat Has a Runny Nose

When the cat sneezes for several hours and then the sneezing suddenly stops, then it may be because of an irritation in the nose. When the cat grabs its nose and sneezes hard, then something may have been stuck in its nose. If the cat sneezes and has sniffles for a whole day, then it may have a respiratory infection.

Overview

The nose is a vital part of the cat’s ability to perceive his surroundings. His sense of smell is often remarkable as he can smell all sorts of scents. His sense of smell however, may get affected due to several illnesses caused by viruses, pollens and bacteria. Some of these may manifest with symptoms of a runny nose, sneezing and fever. It is important for cat owners to isolate their sick cat from other pets in order to prevent the spread of the disease. Owners are also encouraged to bring their cat to the vet for evaluation.

But can a cat get a runny nose cold from being too cold? How do cats cope with this cold? These are just some of the more common questions that cat owners pose regarding the health of their pet cat when the cat is exposed to cold weather or especially during winter.

During Cold Weather

When the cat is exposed to cold temperatures during cold weather, the nose of the feline becomes dry. This usually results in the drying of the nose’s sensitive membrane which blocks irritants that cause colds. When the sensitive membrane is unable to block off pollens, bacteria and viruses from passing into the respiratory system of the cat, the feline becomes more susceptible to infection that usually results in a runny nose.

Symptoms

The most prominent sign of cat nasal infection is the presence of a thick mucus coming out from the cat’s nose. Other symptoms of cat colds include heavy breathing, lethargy, sneezing, and breathing through its mouth. Runny nose among cats is characterized by a watery discharge from the nose for a few hours, which in such case, the cat should be brought to a veterinarian. The discharge may also turn yellow and this is often associated with a bacterial infection.

Sneezing

When the cat sneezes for several hours and then the sneezing suddenly stops, then it may be because of an irritation in the nose. When the cat grabs its nose and sneezes hard, then something may have been stuck in its nose. If the cat sneezes and has sniffles for a whole day, then it may have a respiratory infection.

Remedies

It is recommended that cats with colds are brought to a veterinarian given the complex nasal passages of the feline. Veterinarians usually advise cat owners to increase air humidity using a vaporizer particularly in a small space to help in liquifying the nasal discharge. A humidifier can also help stop nasal irritation.

Veterinarians also will prescribe antibiotics to help the feline avoid certain bacterial infections, allowing its body to fight to resist the viral infection that caused the cold. Veterinarians will also look into the symptoms and its eating behavior.

Prevention

So can a cat get a runny nose cold from being too cold? The answer is yes. It is therefore best to take measures to avoid exposing the cat for prolonged periods in cold weather. Many owners opt to keep their pets indoor during these conditions.

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How to Make Homemade Dog Food

Making your own dog food is an easy way to be sure the food your dog is eating is healthy for him and always safe.

The past few years the quality of many of the commercial dog food brands has come in to question. Many dog foods contain corn, which is nothing but filler, questionable meat bi-products, chemicals and preservatives. Multiple dog food scares have left owners uncertain on what brands are safe to feed their beloved pets. More and more people are choosing to feed their dogs something different from commercial food. Many people are feeding their dogs a raw diet and loving it. Those who would like an alternative to commercial food but are not quite comfortable with a raw diet, making your own dog food might be a perfect compromise.

Making your own dog food is quite easy to do and can be done for cheaper than buying a high quality commercial dog food. Homemade food can also be made in large amounts and frozen so you do not need to spend time daily making it. There are many dog food recipes online but it is just as easy to make your own. Be sure the foods you use are safe and that the food consists of 30% starch, 30% vegetable and 40% meat.

For the starch, brown rice, oats or pasta work well.

Vegetables and fruits you can choose from are carrots, squash, pumpkin, cucumber, cauliflower, yams, sweet potatoes, lettuce, beets, peas, parsnips, zucchini, watermelon, other melons, strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, apples (no seeds, they are poisonous), cooked beans.

Lean beef, lamb, skinless chicken, venison, buffalo, elk, moose, musk Ox, turkey, rabbit, duck, boneless fish, cooked eggs, small amounts of beef and chicken liver are all excellent meat choices.

Vegetables/fruits that are not safe to use are spinach, beet greens, chard, onions, garlic, leek, tomato, potato, bell peppers, corn on the cob/corn, grapes, raisins, rhubarb, mushrooms, avocadoes, broccoli and raw beans.

Chicken skin and fat trimming are not healthy and raw fish should be avoided. Tuna sadly contains too much mercury to be safe. Large amounts of Liver can cause Vitamin A toxicity so should never be given.

Nutmeg, sugar, chocolate, nuts, milk, yeast dough, seeds and fruit pits, wheat, baby food, coffee/tea, hops, potato, salt, dairy products, apple seeds, apricot/cherry/peach pits and mustard seeds should never be given.

Calcium is also a vital aspect of your dog’s diet and can by simply added by topping their food each night with some unflavoured no fat yogurt. Yogurt can help dogs keep a balanced digestive tract and can help stop gassiness.

A few points to keep in mind:

Fresh or frozen veggies are best; do not use canned veggies as they have additives.

Dogs have shorter digestive tracts than humans have and cannot digest most vegetables whole or in large chunks. Be sure to mash vegetables up well.

Remember to feed no white coloured/bleached foods. When possible try to avoid wheat too, as it tends to make dogs gassy.

All Fish and Pork should be well cooked.

A canine multivitamin can be added to insure he gets everything he needs.

When preparing homemade dog food, it is best to vary the recipes so that your dog gets an array of nutrients.

Talk to your vet before changing to a homemade diet.

All meat should be lean and not covered in fat.

Feeding a homemade diet does take more work than simply buying a bag of kibble. However, knowing you are doing the best you can to keep your dog healthy is well worth the effort.

Why Do Cats Pee on Beds, Towels, and Dirty Laundry?

Why do cats urinate on beds, clothing, towels, and so forth? Learn what to do if a cat is peeing on items other than in its litter box. Why is my cat peeing on my bed? Why does my cat always urinate in the laundry? What is wrong with my cat she is always peeing on towels? Why dogs my male cat pee on my dirty clothing?

Some cat owners will have a strange thing happen at some time or another... their cat will pee on their bed. We all know cats are suppose to urinate in their litter box, but what are the reasons that some don't?

Some of the places that cats will select to urinate, other than their litter box, are on a bed, sofa, towels, laundry, or even carpeting. You will note they seldom pee on the floor. Just to clear things up – we are not referring to “Spraying” or marking behavior which is most often seen in male cats and is characterized by them standing with their rear end facing a (usually) vertical surface. They “shoot” their urine, and typically twitch their tail at this time.  This article is about cats who empty their bladder on the bed, towels, and such, rather than "marking territory" with small amounts of urine.

There are basically three reasons why cats pee on the bed, towels, or what have you. One is that they have a reason for not using their litter box (there are many reasons for this), an other is because you have made these sources available to them, and finally it is because these things smell like you. Let us look into these factors further.

Reasons for a Cat Not Using the Litter Box

There are a multitude of reasons cats fail to use their litter box to urinate. They could have a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), they could have a behavioral problem, or somehow you failed to keep the litter clean, locatable, and of the right type of litter. Perhaps another cat is not allowing them to use their litter box, or the door was shut to the room where it is.

There are so many reasons, in fact, that if a cat is having this problem, one should try to determine the source, a link is available here to help finding out the cause of a cats refusal to use the litter box.

Available Sources

Peeing on the floor is not fun, it splatters, and cats know this. They sometimes have the same problem when their litter box gets so low that all the litter is piled up on one side of the box. They know that fabric is absorbent, and will not cause urine to splatter on their legs.  When a kitten cannot find a litter box it will look to whatever is available.

Smells Like You

Your bed, your towels, your dirty laundry on the floor, these things all smell like you. Of course people will try saying that your cat is marking your stuff as its own, but really we do not know what the cat is thinking when it urinates on your bed or clothing. Many theories exist, including that they use this as a way of stating their anger with you, but this is really just guess work. The fact is your cat does not pee on you (hopefully), just your soft stuff, so perhaps your cat thinks of this in a familiar sort of way.

What Can be Done to Prevent, or End, the Problem of a Cat Peeing on your Stuff

Assuming again that the cat is spayed or neutered, and is not spraying... and assuming the cat is not suffering from any kind of urinary tract infect, diabetes, and so forth, there are some things we can do. First amend the problem as mentioned in the link also mentioned above relating to why it cats fail to use the litter box in the first place.

Keep bedroom doors shut and/or keep clothing picked up or in a hamper (with a lid). Try spending a few minutes every day with the cat, patting it, or giving it treats. Keep the home as stress free as possible (do not allow kids to chase your cats). If you must, shut the cat up in the room where the litter box is located at night (with food and water of course), or when you are away, thus reinforcing it to use the litter box, but only if you have filled it with the correct litter, and it is placed in an appropriate spot to begin with (not next to a laundry machine or furnace).

Be aware that cats do not understand discipline for this problem. Rubbing the cats nose in “it” will not help, and may only add to the stress and confusion the cat is experiencing – thus making the problem worse.

Please read the link on why cats fail to use their litter box as this is the start to the problem of them using your bed, towels, and so forth, as a litter option.

Why Do Cats Kill Mice and Not Eat Them? Is It Okay if My Cat Eats Mice?

Why do cats sometimes catch mice but they do not always eat them? Why does my cat leave dead mice laying around? Is it okay to let cats catch mice? Can my cat get sick if it eats a mouse? Why are some cats better at catching mice than others? What to do if my cat brings home a mouse? Some important things to keep in mind you have a cat and it catches or eats mice.

Cats are natural predators. If they see something moving they are likely to chase it. This applies to birds, cat toys, toes under blankets, and of course – mice. Cats are true carnivores, they need to be good hunters in order to survive. While our house cats might dream about taking down a bigger animal, most are only good at catching mice.

Some Cats Kill, Some Cats Do Not

Many domestic cats have not learned to “kill” effectively. They might play with a mouse but lack the killer instinct that a feral cat might have, or will have learned. In the case where cats are living as strays, it would not be uncommon for a mother cat to bring back a near dead mouse and let her kittens kill it, eventually teaching them how to kill it themselves.

Some house cats who actually do manage to make a kill do so only as a result of playing too rough with the mouse, and in these cases they kill by accident; may play with the body, and then leave it there, much as they would with a toy.

Why Don't All Cats Eat the Mice they Catch?

These cats do not eat the mouse because it does not even occur to them that it is anything other than a toy.

Even the cats who do catch mice will usually not eat the entire mouse, they often leave the stomach and/or spleen.

Cats generally will not eat moles, apparently they taste bad.

What Cats Make the Best Mousers?

Many people think keeping a cat starving will make it a good mouser, but a well fed cat is likely going to be a better mouser than one that has less energy, the main difference is that the well fed cat might not eat the mice it catches. Although it has been said that female cats are the best mousers, this has been debated, nonetheless a younger farm cat is going to turn into a better mouser than a cat that was raised indoors all its life and never exposed to mice at all.

©B Nelson. Cat catching a funny looking mouse.

Is it Safe to Let Cats Catch and Eat Mice?

In general, although it is normal for cats to catch and eat mice there are some diseases they can catch from them. One of these diseases is toxoplasmosis which is a concern for cat owners who happen to be pregnant women.

Another concern is Rickettsialpox, a mite found on mice in the Eastern United States.

Hantavirus is another concern regarding cats catching mice.

Further more there is the concern that cats can get worms from eating mice. Many owners think that worms are no big deal, they simply give the cat a pill that they can buy over the counter from a pet supply store, but these pills usually do not kill tapeworm which is often found in mice.

To Summarize...

If you let your cat catch mice, be sure to talk to your veterinarian about health risks and concerns in your area. Be sure to ask about wormer – specifically making sure to include something to kill tapeworms. Cats who do kill mice should be wormed at least every 6 months.

If your cat does bring home a dead mouse, do not punish it, it is doing what comes naturally, however you do need to dispose of the mouse carefully, use gloves, and a mask (to protect against hantavirus) and put it in double plastic bags for disposal.

If your cat brings home a live mouse you might prefer to contain it in a small box and take it out to the woods to let it go.

Costs of Owning a Pet Tiger

Many people think it would be cool to own a tiger as an exotic pet, but what are the costs of owning a pet tiger? Where do you buy pet tigers? How much land do you need to have to keep a pet tiger? How tall of a fence do you need for a pet tiger? What states allow tigers as pets? Do I need to have a permit to have a pet tiger? How much does it cost to feed a tiger?

Many people think that having a pet tiger is a great idea, but most people can not afford to care for a tiger properly, let alone buy one. Even if you can buy one, pay for its feed, provide it with enough space, is a tiger really a good pet for you? Let us find out.

For the most part this article is written for people in the United States wishing to buy and own a pet tiger, but some of the information is also good for people in other countries. To note somewhere between 6,000 and 10,000 tigers are kept as exotic pets in the United States, in fact more tigers are kept as pets now than there are in the wild.

It also must be said that pet tigers are not allowed everywhere, before you even consider it (and I am not suggesting you should really consider getting a tiger at all) you must check out the laws and regulations concerning owning a pet tiger.  Even if your state allows you to keep a pet tiger, the area you live in may not.  In terms of owning a pet tiger, these exotics are considered "large carnivores", and are banned in most states.

How Much do Pet Tigers Cost?

Tigers cost roughly $10,000 and up, with certain colors (white tigers) costing more. Tigers are sold directly from breeders (often on the Internet) and sometimes through odd and unusual exotic pet auctions.

How Much Does it Cost to Feed a Tiger?

Tigers are the largest of the “big cats” you must make sure you can afford to feed it and have a steady supply of meat, they should not be fed dry cat food. Many people feed horse meat or beef, at a cost of $1,500 to $2,500 per year.

How Much Land do I need to Own a Tiger?

In many places where pet tigers are allowed it is a requirement that you own at least 5 acres. In other words you cannot keep a tiger in your city backyard no matter ow good of a fence you have. In some cases the tiger not only needs a proper enclosure but your property also requires an additional 8 foot perimeter fence, mostly to keep people out!

Other Expenses for Owning a Pet Tiger

I should not have to say this, but anyone who does not spay or neuter their tiger is asking for trouble. The tiger will need to be vaccinated and wormed, having a veterinarian who is willing to do this things may present a challenge in itself. There could be unexpected expenses due to health or injury.

©art by author, not for reproduction

Other Concerns with Owning a Pet Tiger

Of course there are the obvious concerns regarding safety, big cats have big risks. They can turn mean without warning. If they hurt you that is bad enough, but if they hurt somebody else you may have a potential lawsuit on your hands in addition to having your pet removed.

In regards to veterinarian expenses, just how you are going to get the big cat to the vet and back, do not assume you can just put it in the back of your car. Even if you could most vets will not look after “loose” big cats, they require them to be in a proper cage, called a “Squeeze”. Some veterinarians will come to your property (they charge mileage) but again, the cat must be contained.

Many tigers in the pet trade are inbred, particularly the white ones. In some cases this makes them more prone to health problems and shortens their lifespan.

You need to have a proper waste management system. What will you do with all the feces and urine?

One More Point about Owning a Pet Tiger

Many people get tigers and find, for one reason or another, that they cannot care for them. There are only a handful of places that take rescued tigers and those places typically report that they cannot help all the animals they are asked to help, in other words many former “pet” tigers are being killed.

On the whole, rather than considering buying a pet tiger it would be far better to donate to help the tigers already in captive rescue situations, such as the Shambala Preserve in California, or other big cat rescues.

States that Allow Tigers as Pet

States that Currently (as of January 2012) allow Tigers as pets, are as follows:

Alabama, Arizona – permit needed, Delaware – permit needed, Florida – permit needed, Idaho – permit needed, Indiana – permit needed, Kansas – license needed, Maine – permit needed, Minnesota – registration needed prior to 2005 can only replace an animal once if they had one registered before this date and it died since, Mississippi – permit required, Missouri – must be registered with law enforcement and have a permit, Montana -permit needed, North Carolina – regulated by the county, North Dakota – permit needed, Ohio – need health certificate for importing, Oklahoma – permit required, Pennsylvania – permit required, Rhode Island – permit and proof of secure premises required, South Carolina, South Dakota – permit required, Texas – license required, Virginia – license required, West Virginia, Wisconsin.

Note- This articile is not to endorse tigers as pets, overall they are not suitable for pets in most situations, and many are suffering as pets even now.

What to Do when a Dog is Hit by a Car and Killed on the Road

What to do if you witness a car run over a dog. What to do if you see a dog get hit by a car. What to do if you hit a dog and kill it. What to do if somebody kills your dog by hitting it with their car. My dog got run over does the driver have to pay me?

If you have witnessed a dog get run over, and killed, on the road, or if you were a driver who hit and killed a dog, or even if you are the owner of a dog who was hit and killed, you may be wondering what to do, and who is financially liable for what.

Witnessing a Dog get Hit

If you witness a dog get run over it can be very traumatic but there are some things you can do. If the car did not stop (sometimes the driver does not know they hit a dog, or sometimes it is unsafe to stop) you should make note of the car and license plate if you can. If you are in a position where you can move the dead dog off the road you should do so, but do not risk your own life to do this (only on a quiet road). Call the police and let them know, they will want to get the dog's body off the road because it can be a traffic hazard, or call the local animal shelter and they will tell you who to call. If the incident happened in a rural neighborhood you may ask at houses to see who owns the dog. Otherwise there is not much you can do.

If you were the Driver that Hit and Killed a Dog

First of all do not panic and drive away. In most cases you are not legally responsible for hitting and killing a dog that was on the road (unless it was obviously intentional). In fact in many areas you are not even legally required to swerve out of the way of a dog because doing so could risk causing an accident.

You should pull off to the side of the road if it is safe to do so. If it is safe to remove the dog's body from the road you should do this as well. If not call your local police and report hitting the dog, and let them know where the body is so they can remove it from the road, or call your local animal shelter and they will let you know who to call.

If your car was damaged you legally have a case against the owner of the dog who allowed it to run loose. I would caution you against pushing this issue, or at least use some compassion if you do; after all the owner of the dog is going to be devastated about the loss of their pet, which may have gotten loose by accident.

If you are the Owner of a Dog that was Killed on the Road

If your dog was run over you undoubtedly feel terrible. The first step is to get the dog safely off the road. If the driver is present do not get into a confrontation with them.  In most areas the driver can sue you if there are any damages to their car; in other words unless you can prove they intentionally hit your dog, they are usually not legally responsible for offering you any compenstation for killing the dog as the result of a car accident. If they had the decency to stop and let you know about hitting your dog you should thank them – do not make them feel bad, it was not their fault.

You can talk to a veterinarian about options for what to do with your dog's body, some veterinarians offer cremation, and you can have the ashes back, or they will dispose of the body themselves. In some areas you may be allowed to bury your dog in your yard but in most cities this is not allowed, however there may be a pet cemetery.

Summary

These kinds of accidents happen so fast and without warning, it is normal for a person to panic and not know what to do.  Remember while it might seem like the driver is to blame, most cities have laws that forbid dogs being loose on the road, meaning that the dog's owner must share the burden of responsibiltiy, as painful as that is (in some areas the same laws apply to cats killed on the road as well).

Note:  Never approach an unfamiliar dog injured on the road, call the local animal shelter or police and have them deal with the dog, a scared or injured dog could bite

Normal Bathroom Habits for Dogs

How often do dogs need to go to the bathroom. How long does it take a dog to digest its food. How many times a day do dogs need to poop. What is the normal number of times a dog should go poo. How often do dogs need to urinate. How long should my dog be able to hold it? How often do puppies need to go outside to pee?

Many new dog owners wonder how often their dog may need to go to the bathroom. This is a good thing to consider if a person wants to be sure they have enough time to take their dog out when needed, but there is not a simple answer.

Puppies

Puppies have a poor ability to hold it in for long. A rule of thumb is that an owner should not expect a puppy to hold their bladder for more than 1 hour per week of age. As such a 6 week old pup may be expected to hold their bladder for only 6 hours, but an 8 week old pup should be able to hold it 8 hours. Dogs of any age should not be expected to hold it for more than 8 hours. 

Some new puppy owners find that having a dog walker come over to let the puppy outside part way through the day is a good idea.

A Normal Dog's Daily Bathroom Habits

In a normal day the dog will want to urinate first thing in the morning. Then the dog is usually feed breakfast. After which the dog will run around for a bit, often defecating within 30 minutes. This is the food from the day before. Running around stimulates the bowels.

After this the dog may be fine for several hours, if on a premium quality food it may not need to defecate again throughout the day, but will urinate usually within an hour of drinking, urinating more often when it drinks more – noting that drinking a lot and frequent urination can be indicators of health problems such as a bladder infection or diabetes.

As such a dog eating a good food (see below) may only defecate once per day, but will still need at least 3 trips outside to urinate. A dog eating a lower quality food may defecate several times a day.

Amount of Poop Depends on the Food

Better dog food means more digestibility and less waste. As such dogs on better quality diets tend to defecate less frequently than dogs on poor quality diets. Puppies may poop more frequently regardless.

Some of the ingredients that are lower quality, and considered filler, are corn gluten meal, brewers rice, and by-products. When foods use a lot of cheap filler the dog has to eat more food to get more nutrition, and as such it has more food to process, and more waste.

photo source

A Dog's Digestion

Dogs do not chew their food like humans do so digestion does not really get a head start. The stomach acids of the dog are three times stronger than that of a human, this due to the fact that dogs normally eat a greater variety of food than a human (on a natural diet) probably would. Dogs are more likely to eat things such as bones and grass. Their digestive system is relatively quick, with most food being processed, and out, within 10 to 36 hours. Raw foods are digested faster than dry kibble.

Note that because digestion does not start in the dog's mouth – like it does for humans, dogs are more prone to dental problems since there are no active enzymes cleaning the food from their teeth.

Be aware that some items such as pigs ears, or rawhide in particular, may be harder to digest.

Read more on Home Remedies for Constipaton in Pets

14 Gigantic-looking Long-legged and Longhaired Dogs: The Tallest in the World

Some dog owners and enthusiasts prefer longhaired or moderately longhaired dog because they are more appealing and more beautiful although they require more time in maintaining and grooming them. Others prefer shorthaired dogs because they are easier to maintain. When it comes to size, some dog buyers prefer the small breeds such as Chihuahua, Shih Tzu and others because they are cute and the maintenance is less expensive compared to large dog breeds such as Newfoundland, Great Dane, St. Bernard and others which are more expensive in terms of foods and maintenance. The breeds of dog on the list below look gigantic due to their long and slender legs. They are unique for their moderately longhair and for their compact muscles. These dog breeds are among the tallest dog in the world.

The 14 Tallest Longhaired Dogs in the World

Some dog owners and enthusiasts prefer longhaired or moderately longhaired dog because they are more appealing and more beautiful although they require more time in maintaining and grooming them. Others prefer shorthaired dogs because they are easier to maintain.

When it comes to size, some dog buyers prefer the small breeds such as Chihuahua, Shih Tzu and others because they are cute and the maintenance is less expensive compared to large dog breeds such as Newfoundland, Great Dane, St. Bernard and others which are more expensive in terms of foods and maintenance.

The breeds of dog on the list below look gigantic due to their long and slender legs. They are unique for their moderately longhair and for their compact muscles. These dog breeds are among the tallest longhaired dog in the world.

1. Irish Wolfhound

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You are looking at the tallest dog breed in the whole world – the Irish Wolfhound. This dog with huge size and commanding appearance is a type of sighthound bred for wolf hunting; hence the name. it was developed in Ireland.

Origin: Ireland

Type: Sighthound

Bred for: Wolf hunting

Height:  Minimum height is 82 cm

Features: Wolfhounds are the tallest of dog breeds.

                It is of great size and commanding appearance.

Other names: None

2. South Russian Ovcharka

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Origin: Russia

Bred for: Guarding

Height: 91 cm

Features: This white breed of dog is a sheepdog with long hair and long legs.

Other names: Ukrainian Ovcharka or South Russian Sheepdog

3. Akbash Dog

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Origin: Turkey

Bred for: Guarding

Height: 86 cm

Features: It is a large dog that can reach a weight of up to 64 kilograms.

Other names: None

4. Himalayan Sheepdog

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Origin: Nepal

Bred for: Mountain dog

Height: 82 cm

Features: It is a very rare dog breed from Nepal.

Other names: None

5. Pyrenean Mountain Dog

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The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a huge dog with a lifespan of up to 12 years.

Origin: Europe

Bred for: Guarding

Height: 81 cm

Features: A large dog used as a livestock guardian dog

Other names: Great Pyrenees

 

6. Borzoi

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One of the largest dog breed in the world is the Borzoi. It originated in Central Asia and was brought to Russia. This large dog can reach a height of 80 cm at the shoulder.

Origin: Central Asia

Bred for: Sighthound

Height: 80 cm

Features: A dog with a curvy shapeliness and compact strength.

Other names: Russian Wolfhound

7. Scottish Deerhound

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One of the tallest sighthound in the world is the Scottish Deerhound. It originated in Scotland in the United Kingdom and was bred for hunting. It can attain a height of 80 cm from the shoulder. It is also known simply as Deerhound.

Origin: Scotland, UK

Bred for: Hunting

Type:  Sighthound

Height: 80 cm

Features: It is one of the tallest sighthounds, with a harsh long coat and mane,

Other names: Deerhound

8. Kuvasz

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It is a large long-legged dog with white coat from Hungary.

Origin: Bulgaria

Bred for: guarding

Height: 76 cm

Features: It is a large dog used to guard livestock.

Other names: Kuvaszok (plural)

9. Karakachan

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Karakachan is one of the tallest long-legged dogs with long hair.

Origin: Bulgaria

Bred for: guarding

Height: 75 cm

Features: A dog with a curvy shapeliness and compact strength.

Other names: Karakachan Shepherd and Thracian Mollos

10.) Afghan Hound

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The Afghan Hound is one of the oldest sighthound dog breeds in the world. It was originally bred for hunting gazelles and hares.

Origin: Afghanistan

Bred for: Hunting

Height: 73 cm

Features:  It is one of the oldest sighthound breeds of dog and can live up to 13 years.

Other names: Tazi, Balkh Hound, Baluchi Hound, Barutzy Hound, Shalgar Hound, Kabul Hound, Galanday Hound, Kuchi Hound

11.) Saluki

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Salukis are among the handsomest-looking tall dogs n the world. It is distinctively unique for its elegantly feathered tail, legs and ears. It originated in Egypt and was bred for hunting. The Saluki is one of the oldest known breeds of domestic dog. Historical records show that they have been around for more than 4000 years now.

Origin: Egypt

Bred for: Hunting

Height: 71 cm

Features: It is one of the oldest known breeds of domesticated dog.

Other names: Royal Dog of Egypt and Persian Greyhound

12.) Komondor

 

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This unique dog with long legs is characterized by its long, corded coat. It is a powerful dog breed and one of the largest common breeds of dog.

Origin: Hungary

Bred for: guarding

Height: 70 cm

Features: It is sometimes referred to as “mop dog” because of its weird hairdo.

Other names: Komondorok (plural)

13.) Slovak Cuvac

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This dog with imposing stture originated in Slovakia. It can attain a weight of 99 lbs and its coat is pure white..

Origin: Slovakia

Bred for: Guardin

Height: 70 cm

Features: This large white dog breed has strong jaws with a scissor bite with tail that is thickly furred.

Other names: Slovensky Cuvac, Slovak Chuvach, Tatransky Cuvac and Slovensky Kuvac

14.) Silken Windhound

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The elegant and tall-looking Silken Windhound looks elegant for its long silky coat. Its ancestors are the Whippet and the Borzoi. It looks very tall because of its long and slender legs.

Origin: United States

Bred for: Hunting, guarding

Type: Sighthound

Height: 60 cm

Features: Its ancestors are the Borzoi and the Whippet.

Other names: None

Pomchi Mix Breed Facts, Temperament & Training

Learn more about the designer dog breed the Pomchi. Information about Pomchi dogs. What is the temperament of a Pomchi. How to train a Pomchi. What is a Pomeranian Chihuahua cross dog like? How to house train a Pomeranian Chihuahua mix puppy. How to train a small dog.

About the Pomchi

The Pomchi is not a breed of dog, rather it is a mixed breed dog (a designer dog), the cross between a Pomeranian and a Chihuahua. They are small dogs and can either lean towards being more Pomeranian like or more Chihuahua like.

The Pomchi will often have long hair, although not quite as fluffy as a Pomeranian, it will shed and should be brushed daily.  In size these dogs will average 4 - 10 pounds, and stand 6 - 9 inches tall.  Any pups marketed as "teacups" should be avoided as these are poorly bred dogs, stunted by poor nutrition, genetics, or both.

The temperament of a Pomchi can be more Pomeranian like (protective and loyal), or Chihuahua like (outgoing but stubborn).  The temperament is also controlled by the level of socialization the dog gets while it is young.  Many owners of small dogs fail to socialize them correctly resulting in a nervous dog, prone to being afraid of strangers.

As with most designer dog breeds, the Pomchi is likely to have genetic problems, such as with its teeth, or legs, due to the fact that the breeders are not reputable - they have not taken the parent dogs to shows to prove their worth as breeding animals or had them tested for genetic health problems.  On the other hand mixed breed dogs can have hybrid vigor because of a mixed gene pool.  Anyone buying such a dog should check it out well for conformation, and be aware they are typically over priced in relationship to their quality (due to the fact the breeders have not invested money in proving the dogs worth as breeding stock).

Puppy Training

Pomchi pups should not be weaned until 8 weeks of age in fact with smaller breeds 10 weeks is even better. Provided they are fully vaccinated a Pomeranian Chihuahua puppy can begin puppy socialization and training at 12 weeks of age. Until they are fully vaccinated Pomchi puppies should not leave their home or yard. This is to keep the puppy safe from highly contagious diseases such as Parvo Virus.

The Pomchi puppy's first lesson, which should occur prior to taking it for socialization or further training, is to get it to accept wearing a collar. This is best done when the pup is young. The collar should be checked regularly to be sure it has not become too tight as the puppy grows. The puppy may fuss at first but usually will ignore the collar after a day or two.

Many owners of small dogs stop there (other than house training) and create what is known as “small dog syndrome”. Small dogs often have obedience and socialization training over looked. Their owners feel they do not need any further training – thus the dogs become terrors, afraid of strangers and often think they are the Alpha leaders of their family – demanding to be carried – too afraid of the world to walk on their own.

Training a puppy to walk may be done at home – in the house, then later in the yard (again it should not be walked anywhere else until fully vaccinated). Most small dogs, such as the Pomchi, do not like pressure on their necks, as such a body harness works well for training these smaller dogs. The harness should be taken off when the dog is not being walked.

To train an Pomchi puppy to walk on a leash soft treats are needed, these should be cut very small so the puppy does not get fat. Use the puppy's name and offer a treat while gently tugging the leash (but not so hard you actually pull the pup to you). As soon as the puppy steps towards you, release your tug so the puppy understands that when it does the right thing pressure is released. As your Pomchi puppy approaches you reward it with a soft treat and praise. In the first days failure should not be an option, the puppy should start only a few feet away. The training session should be kept short, ending on a positive, so that the puppy does not become stressed.

Next Steps in Training a Pomchi Mixed Breed Puppy or Dog

After learning to walk on a leash the Pomchi puppy can be trained to sit, down, come, and so forth. Socialization is also a very important step in training, one often overlooked in small dogs. Owners may select to take their pup, or adult dog, to proper obedience classes, or continue at home. It is worth noting that formal classes allow for more socialization than most owners can give on their own and help the dog learn to be obedient amid distractions. Obedience and socialization classes also offer a guide to correct owner errors. Clicker training, or other positive training methods, should be used.

Sit and Down

To train a Pomchi dog to sit, it should be standing up, and facing its owner. As these are small dogs the owner might want to start by themselves sitting in front of the dog, so they do not have to bend, then graduate to standing. The owner will need to be prepared with a bag of small soft treats in their pocket. Right handed people should hold the dog's leash in their left hand and use their right hand for giving rewards. The dog is shown the treat in the owners hands. The dog is told to sit, while the owner moves their hand over the dogs head, from nose to forehead, low enough so that the dog can smell the treat. Since the dog cannot reach the treat without jumping up (which should be corrected immediately, and never tolerated) it is forced to put its rear end into a sitting position, at which time the dog is rewarded and praised. The handler should never pull up on the dogs neck, nor push on the dogs rump – this is an outdated training method.

To get the dog into a down position the treat is held in a down turned hand, again after the dog is made aware that the owner has treats. The hand is lowered to the floor in front of the dog while the dog is given the “down” command. As soon as the dogs front and rear hit the floor the dog is rewarded with the treat and given enthusiastic praise.

Note: “Down” should be used only to mean lay down, not to get off furniture, or to stop jumping up on somebody. Be aware that saying “Sit Down” sends two different messages to the dog.

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Socialization

Socialization is how a dog learns to interact with other dogs, and people. This is best done at a proper obedience school where the dogs can be watched by several knowledgeable dog people. Most dog clubs offer “Puppy Socialization” but even adult dogs can be taken to such classes. Otherwise socialization may be accomplished by taking the dog to areas where several dogs are, such as the dog park. The dog must be allowed to interact with other dogs and learn from them what is acceptable and what is not.

Owners with small dogs, such as a Pomchi, often panic when their dog is around larger dogs. By going to proper classes supervisors will make sure the dogs are all safe, however by failing to expose a small dog to larger dogs the smaller dog often does not learn how to interact with big dogs and this can put it at risk.

To socialize a dog to new situations its owner must expose it to many different situations in a way that the dog does not think these are scary.  Although it seems cute and easy, owners of small dogs, such as a Pomchi, should resist carrying the dog around.  The dog should be allowed to walk and see the world naturally.

House Training

House training for a Pomchi puppy can start at 10 weeks, but results may not be seen for a few more weeks. House training is best done by crate training, confining a puppy to a crate at night and when it cannot be watched (never more than 8 hours at a time, and never more than 16 hours a day). The idea of crate training is that the puppy does not want to mess in its bed/den. The puppy will not want to be left in the crate at first but if allowed out when it cries, it will learn to cry for attention every time.

Crate training is an other issue and will not be covered fully here, however it is important to note that it requires time, commitment, and consistency. The owner must be prepared to go outside with their Pomeranian Chihuahua every time and reward it for going to the bathroom outside. The biggest mistake people use is rewarding it when it comes indoors, which only teaches the pup that it gets rewarded for coming in, not for doing its business outside.

Many people make the error of using “pee-pee” pads while house breaking their puppy. Unless a puppy is always going to be expected to go to the bathroom indoors (as when using a potty park) the pee pee pads should be done away with as they encourage the pup to urinate and defecate indoors.

How to Use Sevin Dust For Cats With Fleas

Fleas are a common nuisance for dogs and cats. Various treatments are available to safely kill fleas and other parasites. Seviin dust, when used properly, can work to help your cat find relief from this pesky parasite.

Fleas are a big threat when we have pets. They can cause anemia and the spread of tapeworms. Many flea control methods are available for dogs, cats, the home and yard. In order to get rid of your flea problem with your cat, the pet as well as its habitat should be treated. However, cats can be more delicate beings than most dogs and cannot tolerate many of the insecticide remedies. Sevin dust is a safe alternative that can be used for the entire home and yard, and can be used to carefully and harmlessly treat your cat to get rid of fleas.

Begin your flea treatment process by shampooing your cat with a mild flea shampoo that is safe for your feline. Your veterinarian or pet store staff can advise you on the right product to use. Create a really rich lather and leave the shampoo on the cat for at least five minutes before thoroughly rinsing. (Please note, as a special tip, dish soap also works well in place of a flea shampoo, letting it set for the five minutes before rinsing.)

Remove your cat from the bath and towel-dry thoroughly. Comb through your it’s fur with a small-tooth flea comb to extract any fleas.

Wear rubber gloves to dust a small amount of Sevin dust in your hands and massage it well into the coat of your cat. Sevin dust contains carbaryl, and cats tend to be less sensitive to this product than insecticides with pyrethrins. Be cautious around the cat’s eyes, nose and mouth.

Treat the home and yard with the Sevin dust according to label instructions once every week until the flea infestation is over. It will be important to vacuum often as well, remove and wash all scatter rugs and treat the pets’ bedding and other items that may be affected by the flea problem.

When you feel the flea problem is remedied, repeat with shampoo and a flea comb to be sure no more fleas are on your cat.

If your cat has a flea problem, be sure to call your veterinarian before using Sevin dust or any other pesticide product on your cat, and apply only as directed. Since cats tend to lick themselves, a safer pesticide may be prescribed. It is important to treat your cat as your vet instructs you to do so for the safest remedy when affected by fleas or any other parasites.

http://www.petandwildlife.com/health-aids/how-to-get-rid-of-fleas.html

http://pmo.umext.maine.edu/factsht/fleas.htm

http://www.getridofthings.com/get-rid-of-fleas.htm

 

Awesomely Unique Tailless and Short-tailed Dog Breeds

Some dogs are naturally born tailless – absence of the tail while some breed of dogs’ tail are docked or shorten artificially by cutting. Tailless dogs and dogs with short tail are unique-looking are preferred by people wants to own a peculiar-looking breed of dog. Here are some of the most notable dog breeds with either short or no tail at all.

Some dogs are naturally born tailless – absence of the tail while some breed of dogs’ tail are docked or shorten artificially by cutting. Tailless dogs and dogs with short tail are unique-looking are preferred by people wants to own a peculiar-looking breed of dog.

Here are some of the most notable dog breeds with either short or no tail at all.

1. Bulldog

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One of the most famous dogs in the world is the Bulldog. It is widely known for its unique facial features and for being tailless. It is one of the very rare dog breed whose tail is naturally short and curled. This muscular heavy dog is distinctively unique for its wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. It is also commonly referred to as the English Buldog.

Origin: England

Features: It is one of the very rare dog breed whose tail is naturally short and curled.

Other names: English bulldog

Tail: Naturally tailless

2. Olde English Bulldogge

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Origin: United States

Features: It is a heavy weight dog.

Other names: Old English Bulldog

Lifespan: 14 years

3. French Bulldog

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Origin: England, United Kingdom

Type: Domestic dog

Features: It is an active, intelligent and muscular dog,

Other names: Bouledogue Français, Frenchie

4. White English Bulldog

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The White English Bulldog is a very old and rare breed of dog that originated in the Southern United States. Sit was bred as a utility dog for farm. It is used for guarding, herding and hunting too. It is also used as a family guardian and companion.

Origin: United States

Bred for: Utility, herding, hunting

Type: working dog

Features: It is used for guarding, herding and hunting.

Other names: White English, Old English White, English White, White English, Ol Southern White

Lifespan: 13 years

5. Giant Schnauzer

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Origin: Germany

Type: Schnauzer

Features: It is a large, powerful, and compact dog breed.

Other names: Riesenschnauzer, Russian Bear Schnauzer

6. Miniature Schnauzer

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Origin: Germany

Type: Schnauzer

Features: It is one of the most popular dog breed world wide

Other names: Zwergschnauzer (Dwarf Schnauzer)

Lifespan: 15 years

7. Doberman Pinscher

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Origin: Europe

Bred for: Guarding,

Type: Companion, police dog

Features: It is well known as an intelligent, alert, and loyal companion dog.

Other names: Dobermann, Doberman

8. Braque du Bourbonnais

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Origin: France

Bred for: Hunting

Type: Gun dog

Features: It is one of the very rare breed that is born with short or no tail at all.

Other names: Short-tail Pointer

Tail: naturally born with a short tail or no tail at all.

9. Boston Terrier

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Origin: United States

Features: Bostons are small and compact with a short tail and erect ears.

Other names: American Gentleman, Boston Bull, Boston Bull Terrier, Boxwood

Tail: Naturally short

10. Central Asian Ovtcarka

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Origin: Russia

Type: Molossoid

Features: The Central Asian is one of the most popular dog breeds in Russia.

Other names: CAO, Aziat

Tail: Docked

11. Prazsky krysarik

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Origin: Czech Republic

Bred for: Tracking

Features: It is the smallest breed in the world by breed standard.

Other names: Prague Ratter

Lifespan: 14 years

12. Toy Fox Terrier

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Origin: Unites States

Type: Terrier

Features: It is a direct descendant of the Fox Terrier.

Other names: American Toy Terrier, Amertoy

Tail: Docked

13. Bulldog Campeiro

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Origin: Brazil

Type: Working dog

Height: 58 cm

Features: It is an extremely old breed of working dog.

Other names: Bordoga

14. Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier

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Origin: Ireland

Bred for: herding, guarding, watching

Features: There are four coat varieties: Traditional Irish, Heavy Irish, English, and American.

                It shed very little making it ideal for people with allergy.

                It is an energetic and playful dog.

Other names: Irish Soft-Coated Wheaten Terrier, Wheaten or Wheatie

Tail: Docked

15. Cane Corso

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Origin: Italy

Bred for: guarding and hunting

Features: It is highly valued in Italy as a companion dog.

Other names: Cane Corz

Tail: Docked

16. Boxer

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Origin: Germany

Features: The head is the most distinctive feature of the Boxer.

Other names: German Boxer, Deutscher Boxer

Tail: Docked

Lifespan: 12 years

17. Braque d'Auvergne

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Origin: Cantal in Auvergne, France

Bred for: Hunting

Type: Pointer/Gun dog

Height: 63 cm

Features: It has a large head, long ears, and pendulous lips. The head and the ears are always

    black.

Other names: None

Tail: Docked

18. Bracco Italiano

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Origin: Italy

Bred for: Hunting

Type: Gun dog

Features: It is an athletic dog with powerful appearance.

Other names: Italian Pointer, Italian Pointing Dog, Bracco

Tail: Docked

19. Weimaraner

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Origin: Saxe-Wimar-Eisenach

Bred for: Hunting

Type: All purpose gun dog

Features: Weimaraners are great water dogs as evidenced by their webbed toes.

Other names: Weimaraner Vorstehhund, Weim, Grey Ghost

Tail: Docked

 

See also

The Most Beautiful Dogs With the Most Spectacular Tails